In 2002, influenced by theories of the neo-conservatives, George W. Bush referred to the need for a regime change in Iraq, indicating that the United States have reason to believe that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has links with terrorist groups and continues to develop a program of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
On November 8, 2002, resolution 1441 of the UN Security requires the Iraqi regime an “active cooperation, total and immediate” with the inspection teams dispatched on the spot.
Considering that the conditions for cooperation are not met, George W. Bush gave the signal on 20 March 2003 of a military invasion of Iraq to overthrow the regime. Military victory is gained rapidly on 10 April and early May, President Bush declared a unilateral cessation of hostilities.
George W. Bush passed Decree 13303 giving full immunity to oil companies in Iraq, the trial against them was immediately regarded as null and void Unis.Cela States to strengthen the accusations of infeodation George W. Bush and Dick Cheney lobbies for the oil industry.
From June 2003, terrorist attacks are committed against U.S. military forces and against Iraqi civilians without distinction, as well as hostage taking.
Since the beginning of the invasion in March 2003, an estimated tens of thousands of Iraqis have been killed by the U.S. military or terrorist attacks, and more than 2 000 American soldiers. Weapons of mass destruction (a “bureaucratic pretext” by Paul Wolfowitz) who had actually served under Saddam Hussein’s regime against the Kurds or Shiites have not been found and would have eventually been destroyed in the years that followed the 1991 Gulf War. As for links with the terrorist organizations they had long since ceased (Abu Nidal, Carlos) remained low or limited funding of the families of Palestinian suicide bombers and the presence on Iraqi soil for terrorist organizations (Iranian Mujahedin).
However, for the supporters of the U.S. intervention, the updating of mass graves containing hundreds of thousands of victims of Saddam Hussein’s regime, justified the forcible overthrow of the dictator of Iraq. Finally, the U.S. has allowed the country to know the 31 January 2005 its first democratic elections for fifty years and in October 2005, the adoption of a democratic constitution approved by referendum.
The opinion polls very long favored George W. Bush on his management of the Iraq war began to change in June 2005 and became negative from September 2005. If a majority of Americans now believe that the commitment in Iraq was a mistake, they want a withdrawal of their troops (but not yet in any condition). The Iraq war has caused an unofficial movement of opponents calling for the removal of his duties through the procedure of impeachment, formerly used without going to an end against Richard Nixon or without meeting successfully against Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. An attempt to do so, led by the Democratic representative from Ohio, Dennis Kucinich, in June 2008, was tabled in the House of Representatives in the general indifference of the members of Congress and referred to committee.
The war gave rise to serious diplomatic tensions within the UN, NATO and some countries like France and Germany. The U.S. motives in this case are discussed.
On 24 September 2005, tens of thousands of demonstrators gathered in Washington DC to protest against U.S. involvement in Iraq.
On 6 October 2005, before the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), Bush has taken to the opponents of the war in the United States, who prefer, he said, the facility. “There is always the temptation in the middle of a long struggle to seek a quiet life, to escape the duties and problems of the world and hope the enemy grows weary of fanaticism and murder. We will keep our poise and win the victory. “Speaking at least ten attacks foiled in the world since 11 September 2001, he also denounced the” Islamo-fascism “terrorists of Al-Qaida supported by” elements in the Arab media that incite hatred and Anti-Semitism “and” sheltered by authoritarian regimes, allies of circumstances, such as Syria and Iran, who share the goal of hurting America and the moderate Muslim regimes and use terrorist propaganda to blame their own failures in the West, America and Jews. “
It was not until 14 December 2005 during an interview on Fox News that George W. Bush acknowledges having committed “tactical errors” in Iraq including inappropriate decisions in the training of Iraqi forces, have made the initial choice of major reconstruction projects instead of projects with “immediate effect on people’s lives.” He also regretted not having started earlier transfer of sovereignty to Iraqis after the war but has however reiterated that the decision to attack Saddam Hussein was right.
On 25 May 2006, George W. Bush and Tony Blair acknowledge mistakes in Iraq. The U.S. president said that his comments had “sent the wrong signals” that “things did not go as we had hoped” and that “the biggest mistake, at least as regards the involvement of our country, is Abu Ghraib “.
On 10 January 2007, during a televised address, the President announced that 21 500 troops will be sent to Iraq to allow a return to peace faster. That decision faces a Congress and public opinion largely hostile and skeptical about this approach.
In December 2007, military experts believe that the military and security situation is now under control since the arrival of reinforcements, but remain extremely cautious about political developments in Iraq.
In late 2007, before the decline in military casualties, the public becomes more optimistic
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