The moon phase at the time of garden planting will greatly impact plant growth and production, whether it’s a vegetable garden or flower garden that you are planting. Just as the moon phases effect the ocean’s tide through gravitational pull, garden soil moisture and plant growth is effected by that same gravitational pull. While there are doubting gardeners that dismiss the idea of garden planting by moon phases, most southern gardeners plant according to the zodiac signs, with an ever watchful eye on the moon phases.
Here is a brief description of moon phases and how to plan your garden planting accordingly.
There are four moon phases; the new moon, the second quarter, the full moon and the fourth quarter. Each moon phase impacts the soil and plant growth slightly differently, and will impact seed germination time, leaf growth and fruit or flower production.
During the new moon phase, the gravitational pull is upward causing moisture in the soil to be pulled upward. The new moon phase brings soil moisture to the planted garden seeds causing them to swell, burst open and sprout quicker. The new moon phase is also a time of increasing moonlight. The balanced increasing of soil moisture and moonlight during this moon phase creates a garden soil environment that promotes balanced plant growth between the plant roots and plant leaves. Garden planting by the new moon phase should be of above ground crops that produce their seeds outside of their fruits.
During the second quarter moon phase, the upward gravitational pull lessens and the moonlight is stronger. This moon phase promotes strong plant leaf growth and is a good moon phase for any type of garden planting, especially garden plants and flowers that produce their seeds in pods or inside of their fruits.
During the full moon phase, the gravitational pull is strong, providing good garden soil moisture for seeds. The moonlight is decreasing during this moon phase, creating the garden soil environment for increased root growth. Garden planting during the full moon phase is best for any vegetable root crops and flowers that grow from bulbs or tubers.
During the fourth quarter moon phase, the gravitational pull and the moonlight is decreasing at the same time. It’s not a good moon phase for any type of garden planting, but is the right moon phase for other gardening chores like weeding or harvesting.
Garden planting by moon phases (and zodiac signs) can be somewhat confusing for a novice gardener, I’ve been there and done that. Weather also plays a big role in the timing of garden planting. If you forget, or are unable to plant during the best moon phase, if you remember to NOT plant during the fourth quarter moon phase, and NOT plant when the zodiac sign is in the bowels, your garden should turn out fine.