Healthy soil has nutrients, trace minerals, and helpful fungi. This is where a good compost comes in use. It’s better than capitalized fertilizers. It doesn’t hold to the already alarming toxic buildup of chemicals now in our soil and drinking water. Chemicalized fertilizers have heavy metals and other very dangerous ingredients that are labeled “inert”. Natural compost improves soil structure and texture. With better structure and texture, soil can hold more water more efficiently. Plus, it’s plenty healthy, giving too progressed root growth and development. You can buy pre-made compost or even better, make it yourself. This saves on waste and garbage. The average person tosses out 1,500 lbs of trash per year. That’s at minimal 4.2 lbs a day, or in other words 29.4 lbs a week! When making your compost its reduced to 375 lbs annually. Just over a pound a day.
Before making your own compost, be knowledgeable of the nutrients your plants need.
Phosphorous (P): Deficiency in this for plants stunts their growth. It doesn’t move freely in soil, so plants affected by lack of this nutrient are plants with small or shallow root systems, turnips and radishes.
Potassium (K): Plants have a better chance resisting disease in taking in potassium. Older leaves can look burned, and bean families that wont grow are the first to suffer. Tomatoes become small and misshapen. With it their stalks strengthen. Fruits and seeds improve.
Calcium (Ca): This helps build plants cell walls, blossom-end rot (black decayed spots found at the bottom of fruits), spindly plant growth, and close leaves.
Sulfur (S): Sulfur forms amino acids and proteins in growing plants.
Magnesium: (Mg): Think chlorophyll. The stuff that makes plants green and turn sunlight into energy. Plants having low magnesium take it from other leaves. Older leaves look yellow. Then they dry up and fall off.
Nitrogen (N): Too much gets you big lush plants, but fewer fruit, ad too little results in stunted growth. The content of it can change day to day, season to season. You’ll have to stick out a few dollars to have it regularly checked.
Salts (Na): Excess salts isn’t good. A test measures the capacity of water logged soil to carry an electric charge. High amounts absorb the water and plant needs and kills the roots.
“Compost — A simple “man-made” imitation of how Nature has fed breathtaking forests and fields of wildflowers for eons — is an excellent fertilizer, a superb soil conditioner and protects you plants from drought and disease. This fabulous substance, essential to a great organic garden, is easy to make and guaranteed to give you abundant yields of food and flowers.” from the No Toil Power Soil Gardening Book.
Home Cooked Compost:
You can use any of the following in any amount but just use as much as you can. Watermelon rind, eggshells, lawn clippings, weeds, plant debris, vacuum cleaner dust, bananas skins and stalks, coffee grounds vegetables scrapes, fruit scrapes, tea bags, hay, leaves paper (shredded)pin needles, sawdust seaweed, soil, tea leaves, wood ash, and wood chips. These ingredients can offer phosphoric acid, potash, nitrogen, calcium, phosphorous, potassium, and micronutrients. Also, it provided protection, bulkiness, and other healthy soil structuring. Look up home cooked compost recipes on the net. Theres quite few.