George Washington was born on 22 February 1732, on the Pope’s Creek, on the banks of the Potomac River, south-east of the current Colonial Beach in Westmoreland County, Virginia. His parents, Augustine and Mary Ball Washington, were part of the economic and cultural elite planters of Virginia, in the south of the thirteen colonies. The father was a farmer but also a judge at the court of Westmoreland County, and was first married to Janet Butler who died in 1729 and which he had three children: Lawrence, Augustine Jr. and Jane. He married Mary Ball in 1731 that gave him several children, which George Washington was the eldest. In 1735, the family moved into a house on the planting of Little Hunting Creek, which would thereafter become Mount Vernon. Three years later, he again moved to Ferry Farm, a plantation on the Rappahannock River it is here that George Washington spent much of his youth.
He received a careful education, in the middle of the rich planters of the South and taught good manners, morality and knowledge that a gentleman of that time could get. He probably attended a local school or could have been taught by a tutor. He was gifted in mathematics and is familiar with the basics of topography. However, he knew neither Latin nor Greek, or even any foreign language. He left school to age 15 without going to a University.
He was only 11 years old when his father died, his half-brothers inherited most of the land. His older brother, Lawrence Washington, attended to the planting of Little Hunting Creek he later renamed Mount Vernon in honor of British Admiral Edward Vernon. He took over the education of George and it is thanks to him interested in a company in Ohio that the US claimed the territories to the west of the Appalachians. George Washington inherited the plantation Rappahannock where he lived with his mother, his brothers and sisters, but the income from this operation could not maintain an aristocratic way of life.
At the age of 16 years, George Washington became a surveyor on the property of Lord Fairfax, and mapped the land to the west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The remuneration of the work allowed him to acquire land in the Shenandoah Valley.
In 1751, he accompanied his half-brother Lawrence to Barbados, where it was hoped that the tropical climate would have relieved the tuberculosis he had contracted. George Washington caught smallpox during his trip and the disease marked his face.
In December 1752, after the death of Lawrence Washington, George inherited the Mount Vernon area, as he replaced his half-brother in the Virginia militia as commander. On November 4, 1752, at age 21, he became master of the Masonic Lodge of Fredericksburg.
Buchanan, John. The Road to Valley Forge: How Washington Built the Army That Won the Revolution (2004).
Cunliffe, Marcus. George Washington: Man and Monument (1958)