The “Golden Shield Project” is the work of public security information technology projects, including: public security and facilities-based communications network platform construction, public security computer system, the work of public security information technology standards and norms system, public security network and information security system, public security work of the Operation and Management Information System, National Public Information Network Security Monitoring Center, and so on.
“Golden Shield Project” is the People’s Republic of China e-government construction of the 12 major construction projects, one of the system. He also works the other Golden Bridge (public economic information), Golden Customs (foreign trade), Golden Card (electronic cash), Choi Jin (financial management), McKinnon (agricultural information), Golden Tax (tax), Jin-Shui (Water Information ), Gold (Quality Supervision).
The Golden Shield Project which is often known particularly in the media as the Great Firewall of China is a system set up by the government of China to limit the access of the Internet in the entire country of China. Not only does the Golden Shield Project act as a censor but it also monitors all online activity in and out of China. Not only are the Chinese citizens being monitored but so is any messages sent between China and other countries so if you have friends, family, or business partners you too are being watched by big brother.
The History of the Golden Shield Project started in 1994 when the People’s Republic of China’s Ministry of Public Security completed the “National Crime Information Center.” This information center would become the monitoring part of the Golden Shield Project. This was the first steps in creating the Great Firewall of China.
On April 3, 1998 secretary of the Central Political Science and Law Committee, Luo Gan said: “Overall, there must be a consideration, the ultimate goal is to achieve a national network. To be considered further. The realization of the national network to provinces and municipalities.” For this there is a need, “To establish an overall monitoring of the Internet management center.” China was claiming to get the Internet to its entire people it would require that certain changes be made so this would be possible.
On August 9, 1998 the Ministry of Public Security Minister Jia Chunwang of the State Council in the country wrote a paper called No. 84 which was talked about: “The public security information on how to speed up the pace of work, and study, that needs to be discussed by the party.” In short this paper was about how the Communist party had to control the information people got the information being the work and study and the speed being how and when they got it.
In September 22, 1998, the Minister of Public Security Office after meetings and thorough research with many public security organs across the country decided to carry out the work of public security information technology – the “Golden Shield Project”.
April 20, 1999, the Ministry of Public Security of the State Planning Commission to the Golden Shield Project to the project and project proposals Golden Shield Project. The same day saw the establishment of the Ministry of Public Security and the Golden Shield Project Leading Group Office.
On April 25, 2001, the “Golden Shield Project” project was approved by the State Council. In May 30 the State Planning Commission released an official letter from the Ministry of Public Security, confirming that the “Golden Shield Project” was part of the countries planned “construction projects.”
On September 2, 2003, the national “Golden Shield Project” meeting was held in Beijing.
In the September 2003 the project was to start the Golden Shield Project plan was to be completed by the end of 2005. On November 16, 2006 the project was made official in Beijing. Its public presentation is: It is for the design for the People’s Republic of China Ministry of Public Security to deal with China’s public security management business, foreign hotel management, travel management, security management of the project.”
What it really is however is a way to surpass sites that it wants suppressed. For instance in China if you google in the word Freedom, Liberty, etc you will not only not find anything a little animated policeman comes up on screen to tell you that you have entered a restricted area and that you will need to stop looking into such things and are given a warning that if such searches continue the authorities will be notified. What is interesting is that American companies such as Google and Yahoo that could refuse to help and make it difficult to impossible to limit access choose to help the Chinese government. If you want to experience the Internet in China without going to China a few places online allow for browsing add-ons or to browse through their site which goes through the China system so you too can see the Great Firewall of China policeman.
China censors blamed for email chaos”. Reuters (July 18, 2007)
Goldman, Merle Goldman. Gu, Edward X.  (2004). Chinese Intellectuals between State and Market. Routledge publishing.
Goldsmith, Jack L.; Wu, Tim (2006). Who Controls the Internet?: Illusions of Borderless World. Oxford university press
Marquand, Robert (2006-02-04). “China’s media censorship rattling world image”. Christian Science Monitor.
“The Connection Has Been Reset”. theatlantic.com.