Injustice In the novel Cry the Beloved Country, by Alan Paton, importance is placed on equality and social injustice. The characters’ journeys lead them to make different discoveries about the effects of the inequality in South Africa. Through the events of Arthur’s murder, the mining debates, and religious actions the issues of equality and social injustice and their effects are clearly seen. Arthur’s murder is one important point in the novel when the social issues are most obvious. The reason for Absalom shooting Arthur was because of Absalom’s fear. He had brought a weapon because he felt he needed additional protection. If the fear had not been present Absalom may have never fired the shot. The trial continued to show the inequality. While the judges are well respected and just, they are enforcing the laws made by whites, which are not always fair to blacks. The Europeans sit on one side of the court and everyone else sits across from them; this basic segregation shows the inequality of the races in South Africa. Absalom is forced to plead not-guilty despite wanting to plead guilty to unintentionally murdering Arthur. He is found guilty, but his accomplices are found not-guilty, though they had planned the robbery. The release of his accomplices shows a lack of justice for the crime. In addition to Arthur’s murder, the mining debates show the inequality between the blacks and the whites in South Africa. It is discussed how the blacks have been kept from being better educated so that they will continue to need jobs at the mines and will not be able to get better jobs. The mines are what keeps South Africa going and without cheap labor from the uneducated blacks they would fail. Keeping the blacks from being educated just to keep an inexpensive work force for the mines shows the injustice of the mining industry. Stephen Kumalo’s speeches work to inform others of these injustices and he speaks of his idea to have the wealth from the mines distributed and to have higher wages and better conditions for the miners. His speeches cause uncertainty by the police as they fear the uprisings he could cause, and despite his requests for the crowds not to give the police any trouble, some police still believe that he should be imprisoned. A solution some of the South Africans have to injustice is religion. Msimangu believes that Christianity and selfless love will conquer the injustice of South Africa. Because of his beliefs, he becomes a monk at the end of the book, the first black monk in South Africa. Gertrude is also affected by religion and even considers becoming a nun. She believes that joining a convent may help her return to her religion and away from crime. She does not have the determination of Msimangu, however, and she continues with crime after deciding not to become a nun. Throughout the novel the issues of equality and social justice in South Africa are revealed in every aspect of the characters lives. It is shown that the way of life in the country is inequality between blacks and whites and almost everything that happens is socially unjust.