By the Election of 1824, it had become political tradition for the President of the United States to choose his Secretary of State as the one to succeed him in office. At the end of his term in office, President James Monroe nominated his own Secretary of State, John Quincy Adams, to succeed him. With the elimination of property right qualifications during the Panic of 1819, voter participation had become much more widespread. Voting involvement became larger just as a split in the Democratic-Republican Party came, producing the possibilities of the nominations of both John Quincy Adams, the son of Federalist president John Adams, and War Hawk Henry Clay, who gained notoriety before the War of 1812 as one of its key advocates and War Hawk leader.
Henry Clay was the speaker of the House of Representatives, and he believed that the divide on the Democratic-Republican Party would lead to a similar split in the way the citizens voted. In the result of a tie for the presidential election, the decision would go to the House of Representatives, where Clay believed he had more pull than the other candidates in the election did. Andrew Jackson was another candidate who got his nomination as a result of the policies and events of the Panic of 1819. Jeffersonians who were frustrated by the presidencies of James Madison and James Monroe looked to Jackson, a war hero from the War of 1812 to reverse the trend the previous presidents had laid out counter to the ideology of Thomas Jefferson. Jackson was a firm political opponent of a national bank, and the Second National Bank had been chartered before the Panic. The mismanagement of both state and the national bank were partially to blame for the Panic.
Democratic-Republican voters liked Andrew Jackson because of his military history and Jeffersonian political views, but he was not as powerful as politicians as candidates like Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams, who had the express endorsement of James Monroe. Jackson himself is a controversial character in history because of his strong prejudice against American Indians, as will be seen during his presidency. During his presidency a few years down the road Andrew Jackson would put through an Indian Removal Act that directly led to the Trail of Tears. This policy was a continuation of the ideas of Thomas Jefferson, who produced the idea of removing Indians from western territories for the westward expansion of the Louisiana Territory.
During the Election of 1824 Jackson got an overwhelming amount of votes but, in spite of winning the popular vote, he lost the election. Jackson lost in the Electoral College to both Clay and Adams, and Adams won the Presidential Election of 1842 and would begin his presidency that will be infamously judged as a disastrous presidency, especially when compared to his Federalist father John Adams, while continuing the trend of a Secretary of State gaining the Presidency in American politics. The Election itself was thought by Jackson and his followers as a “corrupt bargain”, because he believed Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams struck a deal so that Adams would be president. This would fuel Jackson in politics until he would run again in 1828, an election Jackson would ultimately win.
Robert Remini, “John Quincy Adams”